Elderly heart disease first aid process

Date: 2018-11-08
Times of browsing: 66

Life is relatively short and changeable, so people in peacetime must protect their bodies more, when there is a more serious heart disease, children should be more concerned about the health of the elderly, once triggered this kind of disease is easy to affect the safety of life, then, the elderly heart disease first aid process. What are the following? Follow the experts.

First aid for all kinds of heart diseases in the elderly


1, acute myocardial infarction
Acute myocardial infarction lasted for a longer period of time.
Patients must stay in bed, relax their necklines and keep the room quiet and airtight. If conditions permit, oxygen can be inhaled. Patients can take 1 nitroglycerin sublingual or 1 to 2 tablets of isosorbide dinitrate, and call the emergency center immediately. Never take a bus or walk the patient to the hospital when the patient is ill, in case of aggravation.


2. Short term shock

Patients with short-term shock are prone to sudden death if they do not receive oxygen within four minutes, and there is little hope of recovery beyond 10 minutes. Patients should be gently laid flat on the bed to increase blood flow, while allowing patients to take Xiaoxintong or Yianning pills and other drugs. Punch the heart rhythmically and forcefully with your fist. Punch 2 to 3 times in a row. Put your fist out of your chest when it is lifted. The heart is stimulated and then breathe. If conditions permit, the patient can breathe oxygen directly.


3. Heart failure

Patients with heart failure suddenly develop dyspnea.

Patients must rest quietly, preferably in a semi-recumbent position, with drooping feet and immediate oxygen inhalation if conditions permit. Patients with heart failure should not be given drugs at will, and should be sent to the hospital as soon as possible for treatment.


4, cardiac arrest
Patients with sudden cardiac arrest and respiratory arrest are in the most critical state of life and most in need of emergency assistance. The brain needs a lot of oxygen. When the breathing and heartbeat stop, the brain will soon be hypoxic and half of the brain cells will be damaged in four minutes. If the patient can get effective first aid measures within 4 minutes of the sudden onset of the disease, the recovery rate is 50%, which is called the "golden four minutes" to save lives. Only a quarter of the population will be able to survive after more than five minutes of CPR. For every minute of delay, the success rate of CPR will decrease by 7% to 10%. If it lasts for more than 10 minutes, there is little hope of recovery.
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation should first make the patient lie flat. It must be in a hard place and there is no problem on the ground. Fists should be beaten rhythmically and vigorously on the inner side of the left anterior chest papilla (heart part) for 2 to 3 times. Fists should be raised 20 to 30 centimeters from the chest. After tapping, the heart is stimulated and sometimes it can resume its spontaneous beating. Then mouth-to-mouth artificial respiration and chest compression should be performed immediately. The circulation should be carried out artificially. After every 15 cardiac compressions, artificial respiration should be done twice.
Above is some of the process of cardiac first aid for the elderly, when the sudden cardiac arrest of the elderly is extremely serious, so we should timely find that if not handled properly, it is easy to deprive the elderly of their lives, so we must pay attention to such problems, once the disease is determined, we should also take feasible measures to treat it. And help.

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