What are the symptoms of heart disease?

Date: 2018-11-06
Times of browsing: 60

1. Symptoms
Common manifestations of heart disease are:
1. Congenital heart disease: mild asymptomatic, physical examination found that squatting signs, clubbing fingers (toes), pulmonary hypertension, older children may have growth retardation. The patient was pale, breathless, dyspnea and tachycardia, with cyanosis on the tip of nose, lips and nail bed of fingers (toes). Children often develop dysplasia, characterized by weakness, malnutrition, stunting, etc. Some have chest pain and syncope. Part of the sweat is abnormal.
2. Coronary heart disease: The symptoms are compressive pain in the center of the thoracic cavity, which can extend to the neck, chin, arm, back and stomach. Other possible symptoms of the attack are vertigo, shortness of breath, sweating, chills, nausea and syncope. Serious patients may die of heart failure.
3. Rheumatic heart disease: there are usually no obvious symptoms at the early stage of illness. Later, it is characterized by palpitation, shortness of breath, weakness, cough, limb edema, cough and pink phlegm sputum, and died of heart failure.
Two. Pulmonary heart disease:
1. Chronic pulmonary heart disease: long course, different underlying lesions, different severity, and often accompanied by a variety of diseases, make its symptoms atypical, often concealed or confused with other diseases, easy to cause misdiagnosis or missed diagnosis. The disease develops slowly. In addition to the symptoms and signs of the original lung and chest diseases, the main clinical signs are progressive lung, heart failure and other organ damage.
2. Acute pulmonary heart disease: patients often have sudden dyspnea, obvious cyanosis, asphyxia, palpitation, severe cough and hemoptysis. More moderate fever. Severe cases often cause sudden death or death due to heart failure, shock, cardiac arrest or ventricular fibrillation. Lung mass infarction area percussion voiced, respiratory sounds weakened or accompanied by wet rales. If pleural effusion is involved, pleural fricative or pleural effusion may occur.
3. Cardiomyopathy: Symptoms are usually shortness of breath after exercise and fatigue. When cardiomyopathy is caused by infection, the first symptoms of patients may be sudden fever and influenza-like symptoms. The patient's heart rate increased, accompanied by decreased or normal blood pressure, fluid retention in the thighs and abdomen, and fluid deposition in the lungs. The heart sounds can often be heard by means of stethoscope.
4. Tumorous heart disease: Chest pain, syncope, congestive left and/or right heart failure, valvular stenosis or insufficiency, arrhythmia, conduction disorder, intracardiac shunt, constrictive pericarditis, bloody pericardial effusion or pericardial tamponade. It can produce a wide range of non-cardiac systemic manifestations: fever, nausea, general discomfort, arthralgia, Reynolds phenomenon, rash, clubbing fingers, paroxysmal eccentric behavior, systemic and pulmonary embolism. Because the cardiac manifestations are often nonspecific and may be mild or even deficient, the whole body manifestations of cardiac tumors can sometimes be misdiagnosed as connective tissue vasculopathy, infection, or non-cardiac malignant tumors.
Three. Heart disease caused by other diseases:
1. Hypertensive heart disease: in the compensatory period of cardiac function, patients may not have obvious self-conscious symptoms. In the decompensated period of cardiac function, symptoms of left heart failure gradually appear. At the beginning, palpitation, asthma and cough only occur when they are tired, full of food or talking too much. Later, symptoms gradually increase. The above symptoms are paroxysmal attacks, mostly manifested as paroxysmal attacks. Paroxysmal dyspnea at night and blood in sputum may cause acute pulmonary edema.
2. Hyperthyroidism heart disease: The most common arrhythmias in hyperthyroidism include sinus tachycardia, atrial premature contraction, paroxysmal tachycardia, ventricular flutter and atrial fibrillation, the most common of which is atrial fibrillation. Long-term untreated hyperthyroidism can cause prominent changes in cardiac shape, including atrial or ventricular enlargement, increased cardiac weight, hypertrophy of cardiac myocytes, and widening of myocardial fibrous space. These changes can be improved or reversed when thyroid function returns to normal. The incidence of congestive heart failure in hyperthyroidism patients is about 6%, and the age is more than 60 years old.
3. diabetic heart disease: heart rate tends to increase rapidly in the early stage of diabetes. The incidence of painless myocardial infarction is high, reaching 24%-42%. The patients only have nausea, vomiting, congestive heart failure, or manifest arrhythmia, cardiogenic shock, and some only have symptoms such as fatigue, weakness, dizziness, no obvious pain in the anterior cardiac region, so they are easy to miss diagnosis and misdiagnosis. Orthostatic hypotension is often accompanied by dizziness, weakness, palpitation, sweating, visual impairment, syncope and even shock.

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